34. (Thermal conductivity;
Ch. 7 "Companion") If students have a seat/desk with metal and
wooden parts that are not in direct contact with their bodies, ask about
the relative temperature: Which is colder? Demonstration: Measure
the temperature of each part with a digital thermometer.
wood, metal, both are at the same temperature
(Tie in with thermal equilibrium and the calculated value of ambient
thermal energy as RT.)
If the temperature of the room goes from 20 degrees C to 40 degrees C, the
ambient thermal energy
doubles, is halved, increases by less than 10%
At-Seat Demonstration 7.5 "Companion": Touch the wood and
metal part of the desk. Which material conducts heat better and thus has
a higher thermal conductivity?
wood, metal, the two materials are the same
88. (Isotopes, Half-life)
The half-life of 238U is 4.5x109 years; that of 235U
is 7.1x108 years. If at the moment of the birth of the universe
there were equal amounts of 238U and 235U , which
is now in excess?
235U, 238U, still equal amounts
Referring to the graph below, which line represents the decay of 238U,
as opposed to that of 235U?
91. (Thermodynamics) Demonstration:
Pour hot water into a room temperature vessel. What is the equilibrium temperature
of the water?
> room temperature, = room temperature, < room temperature
108. (Radioactivity) Does
t1/2 depend on chemical composition?
110. (Thermodynamics, logarithms)
Which plot represents the temperature of a beaker of hot water left to sit
out in a cool room?
A semilog plot of log [(Temp. of hot water) - (Room temperature)] vs.
time is linear. Can the equilibrium temperature difference of zero be shown
on such a plot?
111. (Logarithms) Omit some
numbers from any of the indicated logarithmic number lines and ask what
113. (Thermal energy, work
hardening; Ch. 6 "Companion") Demonstration 6.4 "Companion":
After work hardening a piece of copper metal, it can be made soft again
114. (Plastic deformation,
slip planes; Ch. 6 "Companion") Which situation allows easiest
slippage of planes of atoms past one another, as sketched below?
identical spheres in both layers, a layer with a large impurity
atom, a layer with a small impurity atom
Which of the two impurities acts like a "speed bump" and which
like a "pothole," in impeding movement along slip planes?
125. (Chromatography) Demonstration:
Simultaneously drop marbles and ping pong balls down the ICE model chromatography
column. Which balls will get to the bottom first?
marbles, ping pong balls
126. (Chromatography, equilibrium)
The chromatographic equilibrium for a species A can be described as A in
mobile phase <==> A in stationary phase.
A mixture of two volatile compounds is injected onto a column with air,
which doesn't interact with the column. Which of the three peaks below is
1, 2, 3
Which of the other two peaks corresponds to the larger equilibrium constant
1, 2, 3
130. (Nuclear chemistry) Can
a chemical reaction transform lead to gold?
131. (Nuclear chemistry) A
proton would be denoted
132. (Nuclear chemistry, half
lives) From the semilog plot of log(disintegration rate) vs. time (below),
the approximate half life of 14C is
2000 years, 6000 years, 10,000 years
133. (Nuclear chemistry, critical
mass) Consider a small sphere A and a larger sphere B. Which has a larger
In order to sustain a nuclear chain reaction, is a large or small surface-to-volume
large, small (large sphere having at least the so-called critical
134. (Nuclear chemistry) From
the plot of binding energy as a function of nucleon, more stable nuclei
are made by
moving toward the maximum in the plot at 56Fe, moving
away from the maximum in the plot at 56Fe
Which direction is fusion of nuclei and which is fission (see plot below)?
A is fusion and B is fission, A is fission and B is fusion
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