The MOSART tests are designed to measure understanding of science concepts. The name, MOSART, stands for:
Misconceptions-Oriented Standards-based Assessment Resources for Teachers
At the Solvay Conference on Physics in 1927, the attendees included Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Niels Bohr - and just one woman (Marie Curie). Almost 90 years later, why does science remain so much of an old boys' club?
A moon-walker is suffering from visions. His proposed human-centered space exploration scheme would divert resources to adventure from science.
Peter Hoffman is a physicist and materials scientist, and he brings those perspectives and sensibilities to the description of how life converts chemical energy into order and motion. The "Ratchet" in the title is Feynman's Ratchet, a gedanken experiment described in Feynman's "Lectures on Physics" and reminiscent of Maxwell's Demon.
In an attempt to get at least a little discussion of science policy into the Obama-McCain campaign of 2008, Richard Muller wrote "Physics for Future Presidents" and offered a popular course at UC Berkeley with the same title. While nearly all of the issues he raised were ignored by the campaigns and during the subsequent four years, he has returned with a book focused just on energy science and related issues.
The fact that spacecrafts Pioneer 10 and 11 are not moving quite as fast as they were predicted to, has led to speculation that there might be something wrong with general relativity. Einstein may be dead, but his concepts still reign.